Chronic pain, which occurs for three months or more, can happen right after an injury or without damage or prior injuries. It can negatively impact your physical health, mental health, quality of life, and relationships. It may also impair your freedom, mobility, and capacity for employment. A neurosurgical care team evaluates and treats a variety of chronic pain conditions, including the following:
Radiating leg ache
Lumbar radiculopathy may be the source of pain running down your leg. This is brought on by compression of the nerve root, lumbar, or lower back. The most prevalent kind, known as sciatica, triggers pain that travels from the lower back down the spine to the outside of the leg, following the same course as the sciatic nerve.
Even though sciatica pain can be excruciating, a neurosurgeon can suggest nonsurgical therapies to eliminate the pain. Surgery may be an option to relieve the discomfort if it persists and nonsurgical options are ineffective.
Neck and back pain
Back pain affects many people at some point in their lives. Back pain is often a temporary irritation for most individuals, but it can be a chronic, crippling illness for some people. There are numerous reasons why someone could experience back or neck pain, including:
- Uneven skeletal development: Back discomfort might develop if your spine is unstable and incorrigibly aligned.
- Osteoporosis: This develops when the production of new bone tissue cannot keep up with the degeneration of existing bone.
- Spondylosis: As you age, your spine’s disks and vertebrae naturally deteriorate.
There are specific causes of pain that surgery can help with, but not all. Nonsurgical treatments like steroid injections and physical therapy may be preferable.
Pain after back surgery
Some patients with prior back surgeries still endure pain. Revision surgery, which is done to fix issues from previous spine surgery, is a specialty of the neurosurgery team. These might include pseudoarthrosis (nonfusion), flat back syndrome, recurrent herniated disks, instrumentation problems, neighboring segment degeneration, and spinal instability. Another possibility for the cause of pain is the wrong prior diagnosis or treatment.
Radiating arm or shoulder aches
Cervical radiculopathy can cause pain to radiate down your arm or shoulder. This neck-related compression is within a cervical nerve root; in some circumstances, the hand can also feel discomfort. Typically, a herniated disk, a bone spur, or a spinal canal constriction are the causes of cervical radiculopathy. It may result in numbness, weakness, and discomfort along the nerve. Most cervical radiculopathy cases become well in a few months with nonsurgical therapies. Surgery may be necessary in severe circumstances.
Trigeminal neuralgia, a chronic pain disorder, damages the trigeminal nerve, which transmits feeling from the face to the brain. Trigeminal neuralgia patients may experience unbearable pain when even minor facial stimulation occurs, like brushing or applying cosmetics. Short, moderate trigeminal neuralgia attacks may begin, but as they worsen, they get more prolonged and more frequent. According to neurosurgeons, medicines, injections, or surgery are effective treatments for trigeminal neuralgia.
Visiting a neurosurgeon is advisable if you experience the above kinds of pain.